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Benito Lynch,  (born June 25, 1885, Buenos Aires, Arg.—died Dec. 23, 1951, La Plata), Argentine novelist and short-story writer whose tales of Argentine country life examined in a simple and direct style the psychology of ordinary persons at everyday activities. Lynch thus brought a new realism to the tradition of the gaucho novel, a genre that portrays the people of the South American grasslands.

Of Irish ancestry, Lynch lived as a boy on a cattle ranch in the province of Buenos Aires, gaining an intimate knowledge of the rural life that he later used as the subject for most of his work.



Jack Lynch (John Mary Lynch), 1917–99, Irish statesman. Before he embarked on his political career, he gained nationwide fame as an athlete, captaining several winning hurling teams in the 1930s and 40s.


He studied law at University College in Cork and at the King's Inns in Dublin and was admitted to the bar in 1945. He entered the Dáil (parliament) in 1948 as a member of the Fianna Fáil party. Beginning in 1951, Lynch rose steadily in the government.


He was minister for education (1957–59), for industry and commerce (1959–65), and for finance (1965–66). He demonstrated great ability as a mediator in major labor disputes and in 1966 was elected to succeed Sean F. Lemass as prime minister of the Republic of Ireland. Reelected in 1969, he became involved in a series of tense political disputes over his policy toward the escalating violence between Protestants and Roman Catholics in Northern Ireland.


Lynch also led the republic into the European Community (now the European Union). His party was defeated in the 1973 election, but was returned to power in 1977; he served a second term as prime minister from 1977 to 1979.




Charles Lynch (1736 – October 29, 1796) was a Virginia planter and American Revolutionary who headed an irregular court in Virginia to punish Loyalist supporters of the British during the American Revolutionary War. The terms "lynching" and "lynch law" apparently derive from his name.

"Lynch's Law", referring to organized but unauthorized punishment of criminals, became a common phrase, as was used by Charles Lynch to describe his actions as early as 1782. Variations of the term, such as "lynch law", "judge lynch", and "lynching", were standard entries in American and British English dictionaries by the 1850s. In 1811 a man named Captain William Lynch claimed that the phrase, by then famous, actually came from a 1780 compact signed by him and his neighbors in Pittsylvania County, Virginia, to uphold their own brand of law independent of legal authority. The obscurity of the Pittsylvania County compact compared to the well-known actions of Charles Lynch casts doubt on it being the source of the phrase.



David Lynch (born January 20, 1946)

Born in precisely the kind of small-town American setting so familiar from his films, David Lynch spent his childhood being shunted from one state to another as his research scientist father kept getting relocated. He attended various art schools, married Peggy Lynch and then fathered future director Jennifer Chambers Lynch shortly after he turned 21.

That experience, plus attending art school in a particularly violent and run-down area of Philadelphia, inspired Eraserhead (1977), a film that he began in the early 1970s (after a couple of shorts) and which he would work on obsessively for five years. The final film was initially judged to be almost unreleasable weird, but thanks to the efforts of distributor Ben Barenholtz, it secured a cult following and enabled Lynch to make his first mainstream film (in an unlikely alliance with Mel Brooks), though The Elephant Man (1980) was shot through with his unique sensibility.

Its enormous critical and commercial success led to Dune (1984), a hugely expensive commercial disaster, but Lynch redeemed himself with the now classic Blue Velvet (1986), his most personal and original work since his debut.

He subsequently won the top prize at the Cannes Film Festival with the dark, violent road movie Wild at Heart (1990), and achieved a huge cult following with his surreal TV series "Twin Peaks" (1990), which he adapted for the big screen, though his comedy series "On the Air" (1992) was less successful.




Patrick Lynch, born 1715, was an Irish emigrant who became a significant landowner in Rio de la Plata, which is now part of Argentina. He was born in Galway and was the second son of Patrick Lynch of Lydican Castle and Agnes Blake. The Lynches and the Blakes were 2 of the 14 tribes of Galway, who dominated the political, commercial, and social life of the city of Galway in western Ireland between the mid-13th and late-19th centuries. Being the second son and thus unlikely to have a large inheritance, and possibly because of the effects of the Irish famine of 1740-1741, he left in the 1740s for Bilbao, Spain, and travelled from there to Rio de la Plata, where he settled. In 1749, in Buenos Aires, he married Rosa de Galaya de la Camera, a wealthy heiress. He was successful enough to pass on substantial lands to his eldest surviving son, Justo Pastor Lynch.

He perhaps best known in modern times for being the great, great, great, great grandfather of the iconic revolutionary, Che Guevara.



Henry Blosse Lynch and his brother Thomas Kerr Lynch of Partry House near Ballinrobe, were born in 1807 and 1818 respectively, sons of Major Henry Blosse Lynch. Their father served in the 73rd Regiment and the boys grew up on his 1,500 acre estate north of Ballinrobe.


In 1823 Henry became a midshipman in the Indian Navy and served in the survey of the Persian Gulf where he availed himself of the opportunity to learn Arabic and Persian. He was promoted to the rank of lieutenant in 1829 and made interpreter to the Gulf squadron. Five years later he was appointed second-in-command to Col. F.R. Chesney on an expedition to explore the Euphrates route to India.


In 1837 Henry was placed in command of the expedition and ascended the Tigris to Bagdad, a feat of navigation never before accomplished, for which he was made a member of the Order of the Lion and the Sun of Persia.


He was joined by his younger brother on the expedition. Thomas went on to establish a steamer service on the Tigris linking Baghdad with India. Henry was stationed at Beles on the Euphrates and at Baghdad until 1851.


Next he commanded a squadron of the Indian Navy during the second Burmese War. He retired in 1856 and settled in Paris. At the end of the Persian War of 1856-'7 he was delegated to conduct the peace negotiations which resulted in the signing of the Treaty of Paris in March 1857.


In the meantime Thomas travelled extensively throughout Mesopotamia and Persia and was appointed Consul-General for Persia in London. In recognition of their services Henry was nominated by the Shah to the Highest Order of the Lion and the Sun and Thomas was made a Knight of the Order of the Lion and the Sun. Henry died at his home in Paris in 1873 and Thomas died in London in 1891.




Arthur Alfred Lynch (16 October 1861 – 25 March 1934) was an Irish Australian civil engineer, physician, journalist, author, soldier, anti-imperialist and polymath. He served as MP in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland as member of the Irish Parliamentary Party, and represented Galway Borough from 1901 to 1902, subsequently West Clare from 1909 to 1918. Unlike most of his compatriots, Lynch fought on the Boer side during the Boer War, in South Africa and raised his own Irish battalion towards the end of World War I.

Lynch was born at Smythesdale near Ballarat, Victoria, the fourth of 14 children. He qualified as a civil engineer and practised this profession for a short period in Melbourne. Lynch left Australia and went to Berlin, where he studied physics, physiology and psychology at the University of Berlin in 1888-89. he had a particular respect for Hermann von Helmholtz. Moving to London, Lynch took up journalism. In 1892, he contested Galway as a Parnellite candidate, but was defeated.

Lynch met Annie Powell (daughter of the Rev. John D. Powell) in Berlin and they were married in 1895. They were to have no children. In Lynch's words, the marriage "never lost its happiness" (My Life Story, p. 85).

In 1898, he was Paris correspondent for the London Daily Mail.

When the Second Boer War broke out, Lynch was sympathetic to the Boers and decided to go to South Africa as a war correspondent. In Pretoria, he met General Louis Botha, and decided to join the Boer side. Lynch raised the Second Irish Brigade, which consisted of Irishmen, Cape colonists and others opposed to the British.

He was given the rank of Colonel and saw limited active service.

From South Africa, Lynch went to the United States, and then returned to Paris, from where he again stood for Galway Borough in November 1901, and was elected in his absence as MP. On going to London, Lynch was arrested because of his pro-Boer activities and remanded for eight months. Lynch was tried for treason, before three judges, and on 23 January 1903 was found guilty and sentenced to be hanged. This sentence was immediately commuted to a life sentence, and a year later Lynch was released "on licence" by the Balfour government.

In July 1907, Lynch was pardoned, and in 1909 he was again elected Member of Parliament, this time for West Clare, in Ireland.

During World War I, Lynch volunteered for the New British Army. He raised a private 10th Batt. Royal Munster Fusiliers and was given the rank of Colonel, although he and his unit never saw active front service.

At the end of the war, Lynch chose to stand as a Labour candidate in newly created Battersea South for the 1918 General election. He finished second to the Unionist.

He had qualified as a physician many years earlier, began to practise medicine in London, at Haverstock Hill. He died in London on 25 March 1934.




Thomas Lynch, Jr. (August 5, 1749 – 1779) was a signer of the United States Declaration of Independence as a representative of South Carolina. Of the 56 Signers, only fellow South Carolinian Edward Rutledge was younger than Thomas Lynch, Jr., just three months younger. Both were 27 years old.

Lynch, Jr. was a third generation public servant in South Carolina. His grandfather, Thomas Lynch (1675-1738) served in the First Royal Assembly (1721-1724) and his father Thomas Lynch (1727-1776) served more than 15 years in the Royal Assembly. His father was elected to the First and Second Continental Congresses. During the Second Continental Congress, both father and son served at the same time.

Illness almost prevented both Lynch delegates from signing the Declaration of Independence. The elder Lynch suffered a stroke that prevented him from signing, but his son, who was suffering from the effects of bilious fever was able to vote for and sign the Declaration.